Safety of a C1-inhibitor concentrate in pregnant women with hereditary angioedema

BACKGROUND: Increased estrogen levels during pregnancy can exacerbate hereditary angioedema (HAE), yet disease and treatment ramifications remain poorly studied in pregnant women.

OBJECTIVE: Data from the international Berinert Patient Registry were used to evaluate outcomes of pregnancies exposed to plasma-derived, pasteurized, nanofiltered C1-inhibitor concentrate (pnfC1-INH) during routine HAE management.

METHODS: This observational registry, conducted between 2010 and 2014 at 30 U.S. and 7 European sites, gathered data on 318 subjects and 15,000 pnfC1-INH infusions. Whenever possible, the subjects who used pnfC1-INH during pregnancy were followed up to term to assess neonatal outcomes and to collect maternal adverse events (AE) that occurred up to 1 month after pnfC1-INH administration.

RESULTS: The registry data base included 11 pregnancies in 10 subjects who used pnfC1-INH for HAE attack treatment and/or prophylaxis (>261 doses during pregnancy). Eight pregnancies concluded in the birth of a healthy baby. Of the remaining three pregnancies: one was voluntarily terminated at 9 weeks of gestation; a second ended as a first-trimester spontaneous abortion 1 week after the subject’s most recent pnfC1-INH infusion and was considered unrelated to pnf-C1INH treatment; and the third occurred in a subject who exited the registry approximately 2 months before her due date, with no further follow up. As assessed for 30 days after each pnfC1-INH infusion, there were no AEs that were considered related to pnfC1-INH therapy.

CONCLUSION: Administration of pnfC1-INH during pregnancy was generally safe and not associated with any treatment-related AEs. In all registry pregnancies followed up to term, the birth of a healthy baby was reported.

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