Manufacturing of plasma-derived C1-inhibitor concentrate for treatment of patients with hereditary angioedema [Review]

Background: Replacement therapy with plasma-derived C1-inhibitor (C1-INH) has been used for decades to treat patients with hereditary angioedema (HAE) with C1-INH deficiency. Objective: This article reviewed the rationale for using C1-INH replacement therapy in patients with HAE and the process of manufacturing plasma-derived C1-INH. Methods: The manufacture of C1-INH is an involved and carefully monitored process that includes screening and selection of prospective donors, the collection of source plasma, and purification with dedicated pathogen reduction steps. Donor eligibility is determined by restrictive criteria established and monitored by regulatory agencies as well as voluntary standards implemented by plasma collection centers that exceed government regulations. Individual and pooled donations are tested for transfusion-transmissible infections, including hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, human immunodeficiency virus, parvovirus B19, and hepatitis A virus, by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays or nucleic acid amplification technologies. Frozen plasma that is cleared for manufacturing undergoes controlled thawing and centrifugation, and the resulting supernatant (i.e., cryoprecipitate-depleted plasma) is used to manufacture several plasma-derived therapies, including C1-INH. In addition to chromatography steps, the manufacturing process consists of dedicated and effective pathogen reduction steps, including pasteurization, hydrophobic interaction chromatography or polyethylene glycol precipitation, and virus filtration. Manufacturers continuously monitor the safety profile of C1-INH products by robust pharmacovigilance processes that enable systematic collection and evaluation of all suspected adverse drug reaction reports as well as evaluation of safety information from all other sources. Results and Conclusion: These procedures used in donor screening, donation and manufacturing pool testing, manufacturing, and pharmacovigilance ensure that plasma-derived C1-INH products have the safety, quality, identity, potency, and purity that is necessary to provide the intended therapeutic effect.

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