Icatibant for the treatment of hereditary angioedema with C1-inhibitor deficiency in adolescents and in children aged over 2 years [Review]

INTRODUCTION: Hereditary angioedema (HAE) due to C1-inhibitor deficiency (C1-INH-HAE) is a rare disorder with life-threatening complications if untreated. It begins during childhood, and reduces the patient’s quality of life. Therefore, the availability of an easily administered agent to relieve unpredictable HAE episodes is indispensable for this age group. Areas covered: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, open-label extensions and prospective observational studies have proven the safety and efficacy of the subcutaneously administered bradykinin B2 receptor antagonist, icatibant, in the acute treatment of HAE episodes in adult C1-INH-HAE patients. Recently, a Phase 3, multicenter, open-label, non-randomized, single-arm study demonstrated the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of icatibant as an acute treatment for pediatric patients aged 2 years to less than 18 years. Expert commentary: The clinical study in pediatric patients showed that icatibant undergoes rapid absorption, reaches a therapeutic level, and promptly relieves the symptoms. It is well tolerated, and the subcutaneous preparation, presented in a pre-filled syringe, ensures ease of use. It can be administered anytime, anywhere, and instantly – even by the patients themselves, or – in the case of children and adolescents – by a caregiver. Icatibant may greatly contribute to the improvement of the quality of life of pediatric patients.

Available from: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/1744666X.2018.1476851?journalCode=ierm20