Evaluation of the efficacy and safety of home treatment with the recombinant human C1-inhibitor in hereditary angioedema resulting from C1-inhibitor deficiency

OBJECTIVE: Conestat alpha, a C1-inhibitor produced by recombinant technology (rhC1-INH) is an acute treatment for edematous attacks occurring in hereditary angioedema (HAE) with C1-inhibitor deficiency (C1-INH-HAE). Our study evaluated the efficacy and safety of rhC1-INH administered during HAE attacks, and for short-term prophylaxis (STP).

MATERIALS & METHOD: Our prospective study analyzed the course of 544 HAE attacks experienced by the 21 C1-INH-HAE patients treated, as well as the outcome of 97 instances of STP implemented with rhC1-INH. Using a purpose-designed questionnaire, the patients recorded relevant, treatment-related information.

RESULTS: Time to the administration of rhC1-INH was 90.0 min (median) after the onset of HAE attacks. The symptoms started to improve as early as 60 min after the injection of rhC1-INH, and the attack resolved 730.0 min after treatment. The interval between the onset of the HAE attack and the administration of rhC1-INH correlated with time until the onset of improvement (R = 0.2053 p < 0.0001), and with time to the complete resolution of symptoms (R = 0.2805, p < 0.0001). Nine patients received STP with rhC1-INH in 97 instances. STP successfully prevented the HAE attack within 72 h of the event on 93/97 occasions. No local and serious systemic adverse events/effects were observed.

CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with rhC1-INH is effective and safe both for acute management, and for STP. Following the onset of an HAE attack, early administration of rhC1-INH may reduce time to the improvement and to the complete resolution of symptoms. Repeated administration of rhC1-INH does not impair its efficacy. Copyright © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2020.106216