Treatment of hereditary angioedema due to C1 inhibitor deficiency in Argentina

The benefits of the worldwide approval of new drugs for the treatment of acute C1-INH-HAE attacks may still not reach all patients. Identifying the current barriers in the access to medication, as well as conducting a detailed assessment of the progress in this area, is essential to achieve universal treatment. Two hundred and twenty five patients registered in the Argentina Hereditary Angioedema Patient Association (AHAEPA) were randomly selected and invited to participate in a web based questionnaire on accessibility to icatibant and pdC1-INH, self-treatment, delay to treatment, and coverage. The data retrieved was compared to our previous reports in 2008 and 2013. We collected 156/225 answers. One hundred and eighteen (76%) patients have either pdC1-INH (n = 86), icatibant (n = 10) or both (n = 22), while 38 (24%) do not have access to treatment. In 2008, 26% had access while 82% had it in 2013. Thirty-two subjects (22%) self-inject themselves, similar to 29% in 2013, even though between studies, widespread self-injection training activities have taken place. However, considering injections by proxy, home treatment reached 56%. Only half of the patients decide to receive treatment early during the attack. Ninety-nine patients (63%) have full coverage, thirty (19%) have no coverage at all and the rest only obtain partial reimbursement. Twenty-nine families (31%) share a single treatment dose of the medication, better than 36% in 2013. Argentina’s C1-INH-HAE patients had a sustained improvement in their access to medication. Efforts should continue to further improve accessibility and optimal management of HAE acute attacks to all patients in the country.

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