Treatment for hereditary angioedema with normal C1-INH and specific mutations in the F12 gene (HAE-FXII)

Hereditary angioedema with normal C1 esterase inhibitor and mutations in the F12 gene (HAE-FXII) is associated with skin swellings, abdominal pain attacks, and the risk of asphyxiation due to upper airway obstruction. It occurs nearly exclusively in women. We report our experience treating HAE-FXII with discontinuation of potential trigger factors and drug therapies. The study included 72 patients with HAE-FXII. Potential triggers included estrogen-containing oral contraceptives (eOC), hormonal replacement therapy, or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors. Drug treatment comprised plasma-derived C1 inhibitor (pdC1-INH) for acute swelling attacks and progestins, tranexamic acid, and danazol for the prevention of attacks. Discontinuation of eOC was effective in 25 (89.3%) of 28 women and led to a reduction in the number of attacks (about 90%). After ending hormonal replacement therapy, three of eight women became symptom-free. Three women with exacerbation of HAE-FXII during intake of quinapril or enalapril had no further HAE-FXII attacks after discontinuation of those drugs. Eleven women were treated with pdC1-INH for 143 facial attacks. The duration of the treated facial attacks (mean: 26.6 h; SD: 10.1 h) was significantly shorter than that of the previous 88 untreated facial attacks in the same women (mean: 64.1 h; SD: 28.0 h; P < 0.01). The mean reduction in attack frequency was 99.8% under progestins after discontinuing eOC (16 women), 93.8% under tranexamic acid (four women), and 100% under danazol (three women). For patients with HAE-FXII, various treatment options are available which completely or at least partially reduce the number or duration of attacks.
Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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