The metabolism of 125I-labeled C1 inhibitor (C1INH) and C1q was studied in five patients with B cell lymphoproliferative disorders, C1INH deficiency, and angioedema. C1INH catabolism was markedly accelerated in these patients. The fractional catabolic rate (FCR) was 0.053 of the plasma pool per hour compared to that of normal subjects (0.025) or patients with hereditary angioneurotic edema (HANE) (0.035). The catabolism of two dysfunctional proteins Wel and Ta was studied. Protein Wel was catabolized at an accelerated rate (0.041) compared to that in patients with HANE (0.029) or in normal subjects (0.020). In contrast, the FCR of protein Ta was 0.012, which is similar to that in normal patients and in patients with HANE. The extravascular to plasma ratio (E/P) of the normal C1INH in patients was 1.55 compared to 0.60 in normal patients. This is consistent with the rapid extravascular sequestration of the C1INH. The synthesis rate of the C1INH was 0.29 mg/kg/hr in patients that is similar to that in control subjects. The metabolism of C1q was studied in two normal control subjects and three patients. The FCR of C1q was 0.051 in patients compared to 0.023 in control subjects. The E/P was increased in patients (2.8) compared to E/P in control subjects (0.6). The acquisition of C1INH deficiency results from increased consumption of C1INH in vivo.
Available online at: http://www.jacionline.org/article/S0091-6749%2886%2980111-7/abstract