The effect of weight on the efficacy and safety of C1 esterase inhibitor concentrate for the treatment of acute hereditary angioedema.[Erratum appears in Clin Ther. 2014 Jun 1;36(6):992]

BACKGROUND: Despite the worldwide obesity epidemic, there have been very few studies investigating the influence of body weight on treatment dosing and outcomes in patients with hereditary angioedema (HAE).

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this analysis was to determine whether the standard weight-based dosing recommendation of C1 esterase inhibitor (C1-INH) concentrate (20 IU/kg) is adequate in HAE patients with a high body mass index (BMI).

METHODS: Data from patients treated for HAE attacks with 20 IU/kg of C1-INH concentrate were retrospectively analyzed from the open-label IMPACT2 study (International Multicenter Prospective Angioedema C1-INH Trial). Patients were categorized according to BMI as being normal body weight, overweight, or obese. Efficacy end points were time to onset of symptom relief and time to complete resolution of symptoms. The safety profile was evaluated according to adverse events occurring within 7 to 9 days of treatment.

RESULTS: Of 57 patients, 24 (42%) were of normal body weight, 20 (35%) were overweight, and 13 (23%) were obese. Median (95% CI) time to onset of symptom relief was 0.37 hour (0.29-0.57) in normal-weight patients, 0.48 hour (0.39-0.53) in overweight patients, and 0.58 hour (0.41-0.94) in obese patients. Median time (95% CI) to complete resolution of symptoms was 15.2 hours (9.3-23.2) in normal-weight patients, 22.6 hours (11.3-44.6) in overweight patients, and 11.0 hours (5.6-23.6) in obese patients (differences not significant). There were no relevant differences in the incidence of adverse events in normal-weight patients (54%), overweight patients (30%), and obese patients (54%).

CONCLUSIONS: Treatment of HAE attacks with weight-based doses of C1-INH concentrate provided reliable treatment response, regardless of body weight, in these patients with HAE.
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier HS Journals, Inc. All rights reserved.

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