Safety and efficacy of prophylactic nanofiltered C1-inhibitor in hereditary angioedema

OBJECTIVE: Nanofiltered C1-inhibitor (C1INH-nf) is approved for prophylactic treatment of hereditary angioedema. This study assessed the efficacy and safety of C1INH-nf as prophylactic therapy in a large cohort of patients with hereditary angioedema.

METHODS: An open-label multicenter extension study was performed involving 146 subjects with hereditary angioedema who were treated with C1INH-nf for up to 2.6 years in centers throughout the United States. Subjects were to be treated with C1INH-nf 1000 units every 3 to 7 days. The primary efficacy variable was the number of attacks of angioedema experienced.

RESULTS: Subjects experienced a 93.7% reduction in attacks while taking prophylactic C1INH-nf (0.19 attacks per month; interquartile range, 0.00-0.64) compared with the historical rate of attacks. Some 87.7% reported an attack frequency of 1 or less attack per month during prophylactic C1INH-nf and 34.9% had no attacks during the study. Some 7.5% of subjects experienced relatively frequent attacks despite twice-weekly C1INH-nf. Although twice-weekly dosing was highly effective in most subjects, once-weekly dosing provided adequate control in a subgroup of subjects. No clinical characteristics predicted the response to prophylactic C1INH-nf, including historical attack frequency. C1INH-nf was well tolerated.

CONCLUSION: Prophylactic C1INH-nf is highly effective and safe, and provides durable prophylaxis in the majority of patients with hereditary angioedema. The recommended dose of C1INH-nf 1000 units twice weekly is supported by this open-label study. Individual patients may benefit from further dose adjustment on the basis of response to therapy and individual treatment goals.Copyright Published by Elsevier Inc.

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