Recombinant human C1-esterase inhibitor to treat acute hereditary angioedema attacks in adolescents

BACKGROUND: Recombinant human C1-esterase inhibitor (rhC1-INH) is efficacious and well tolerated for managing hereditary angioedema (HAE) attacks in adults. However, there are insufficient data on its efficacy and safety in adolescents.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety profiles of rhC1-INH for acute HAE attacks in adolescents.

METHODS: Adolescents (aged 12-18 y) with HAE enrolled in 2 randomized controlled trials and 2 open-label extension trials were included and received intravenous rhC1-INH for acute attacks. Times to the beginning of sustained symptom relief (visual analog scale change from baseline >=20 mm) and minimal symptoms (visual analog scale score of <20 mm across locations) were assessed. Safety parameters included hypersensitivity reactions, anti-rhC1-INH antibodies, and host-related impurities.

RESULTS: Sixteen adolescents (50 attacks, aged 14-18 y) received rhC1-INH. Attacks were managed with single-dose rhC1-INH 50 U/kg (46.0%) and single-dose rhC1-INH 2100 U (16%), and 32.0% were treated with additional doses after receiving an initial rhC1-INH 2100 U dose (total dose, 4200-6300 U). Most attacks (88.0%) occurred at a single location; 59.1% (26 of 44) were abdominal. Across the first 5 attacks, median times to the beginning of symptom relief ranged from 19.0 to 78.5 minutes; median times to minimal symptoms ranged from 120 to 190 minutes. Pharmacokinetics showed that rhC1-INH restored functional plasma C1-esterase inhibitor levels to the normal (>70%) range for almost all evaluable patients. No severe or drug-related adverse events or hypersensitivity reactions occurred. No treatment-emergent antibodies to rhC1-INH or host-related impurities were observed.

CONCLUSIONS: rhC1-INH is efficacious and well tolerated among adolescents with HAE.
Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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