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Population pharmacokinetics of plasma-derived C1 esterase inhibitor concentrate used to treat acute hereditary angioedema attacks

BACKGROUND: C1 esterase inhibitor (C1-INH) replacement is recommended as a first-line therapy for acute edema attacks in hereditary angioedema (HAE). Only limited pharmacokinetic analyses of the administered C1-INH in plasma are available.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate retrospectively the population pharmacokinetics of a plasma-derived C1-INH (pC1-INH) concentrate used to treat acute HAE attacks in a randomized, placebo-controlled phase 2/3 study in patients with HAE.

METHODS: Acute abdominal and facial attacks were treated with either a pC1-INH concentrate (Berinert) at single intravenous doses of 10 or 20 U/kg body weight or placebo. Plasma sampling was conducted 0, 1, and 4 hours after dosing. A nonlinear retrospective population pharmacokinetic model was obtained using the assumption of a 1-compartment model.

RESULTS: The final population pharmacokinetic model was based on data from 97 patients treated with 10 or 20 U/kg of pC1-INH concentrate. The estimated mean half-life was 32.7 hours (90% confidence interval, 16.6-48.8 hours), and the estimated mean clearance was 0.92 mL/kg/h (90% confidence interval, 0.50-1.33 mL/kg/h).

CONCLUSIONS: The half-life of the same pC1-INH concentrate reported in a previous study was confirmed by this retrospective population pharmacokinetic analysis in patients treated for acute HAE attacks. In contrast to other treatment options with shorter half-lives, the long half-life of pC1-INH concentrate may provide an extended period of protection, even after the symptoms of an attack have subsided.Copyright 2010 American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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