Factors associated with hospital admission in hereditary angioedema attacks: a multicenter prospective study

BACKGROUND: Acute attacks of hereditary angioedema are characterized by recurrent localized edema. These attacks can be life threatening and are associated with substantial morbidity and mortality.

OBJECTIVE: To determine factors associated with hospital admission of patients with an acute attack of hereditary angioedema presenting at the emergency department.

METHODS: This was a multicenter prospective observational study of consecutive patients (January 2011 through December 2013) experiencing an acute hereditary angioedema attack and presenting at the emergency department at 1 of 4 French reference centers for bradykinin-mediated angioedema. Attacks requiring hospital admission were compared with those not requiring admission.

RESULTS: Of 57 attacks in 29 patients, 17 (30%) led to hospital admission. In multivariate analysis, laryngeal and facial involvements were associated with hospital admission (odds ratio 18.6, 95% confidence interval 3.9-88; odds ratio 7.7, 95% confidence interval 1.4-43.4, respectively). Self-injection of icatibant at home was associated with non-admission (odds ratio 0.06, 95% confidence interval 0.01-0.61). The course was favorable in all 57 cases. No upper airway management was required.

CONCLUSION: Most patients attended the emergency department because they were running out of medication and did not know that emergency treatment could be self-administered. Risk factors associated with hospital admission were laryngeal and facial involvement, whereas self-injection of icatibant was associated with a return home.Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.

Available from: http://www.annallergy.org/article/S1081-1206(15)00236-7/fulltext