BACKGROUND: Ever-expanding armamentarium of treatments for hereditary angioedema (HAE) are associated with various adverse effects, issues with vascular access, or lack of self-administration.
OBJECTIVE: To understand patients’ impressions and confidence in their past and present treatments, and identifying adverse events while also directly asking patients to reveal their hope for the future of HAE management and treatments.
METHODS: After institutional review board approval, all subjects with laboratory-confirmed HAE were mailed a survey that they completed and returned to the researchers, and data were collected and entered into a secure online web application for surveys. Medication confidence data were summarized and expressed as means, medians, standard deviations, and quartiles by using a 5-point Likert scale. Analyses were performed by using statistical software.
RESULTS: Of 150 surveys, 38 (25.3%) were completed. Among 36 subjects, 27 (75.0%) were female subjects, and the mean age was 50.1 years. Cinryze and Berinert (both C1-esterase inhibitors) had the highest median scores (5.0) for patient confidence, followed by ecallantide (4.5), icatibant (4.0), and androgens (2.0). For Cinryze, 64.3% selected it as the most effective and 57.1% tolerated it best. For Berinert, 50% of the subjects found it to be most effective and 59.1% tolerated it best. Some subjects listed androgens as most effective (33.3%) or best tolerated (16.7%), and many reported that this class caused the most adverse effects (44.4%). Among those who answered, 50% preferred a noninvasive method of administration, such as oral (24%), subcutaneous (18%), or not intravenous (8%) routes.
CONCLUSION: Determining patient predilections and the reasoning behind them can be valuable for determining specific therapies to achieve each individual’s personal goals.