Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is caused by a deficiency in C1 esterase-inhibitor (C1-INH) and is characterised by skin swelling, abdominal pain and episodes of upper respiratory tract obstruction. Oedema of the larynx can result in rapid asphyxiation and requires emergency treatment. Three treatment options for emergency treatment of HAE are reviewed: fresh frozen plasma, solvent/detergent-treated plasma and C1-INH concentrate. It is concluded that while all three treatment options are theoretically effective in the emergency treatment of HAE, C1-INH is the treatment of choice. [References: 31].
Available online at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1742-1241.2005.00352.x/full